1. Research living things using the Toronto Biodiversity books

2. Research Urban Planning

3. Design your own city

4. Build your city in Sketchup

5. Create a model


Physical environments are partly natural and partly man-made. A satisfying man-made or "built" environment is the ultimate goal of planning, but relations between natural and built environments, and interactions between people and their environments, are also of great concern. Human activities can have negative impacts upon the natural environment, just as certain natural conditions are hazardous to human well-being.

Urban planning is the process by which communities attempt to control the development in their physical environments. There are a variety of ways to describe it, including town planning, city planning, community planning, land use planning, and physical environment planning. The object of planning is the "physical environment," which means the land and all its uses, along with everything that exists on, beneath or above the land surface.

Planning also includes the design by which buildings are laid out in a city, and the design of public places.

Urban Design

Grid Cities

The grid plan, grid street plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid. The infrastructure cost for regular grid patterns is generally higher than for patterns with discontinuous streets.

Garden Cities

The garden city movement is a method of urban planning in which self-contained communities are surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture. The idea was initiated in 1898 by Sir Ebenezer Howard in the United Kingdom.

Land Use

Regardless of the layout of the city, it must accommodate a variety of uses such as transportation, structures, vegetation and, of course, living things. There are a number of zones that are used to describe the land use. They are

Most cities contain several functional zones.

  • Central Business District (Finance, Law, Culture, Hospitals)

  • Shopping/Retail areas (including family Doctors, Dentists, etc)

  • Industrial areas (Manufacturing, Design)

  • Residential areas (Single family houses and large multi-family buildings)

  • Recreational areas (Playing)

  • Green Corridor (Plants and Animals)


Urbanization and the Future of Cities

How to Make an Attractive City

Walt Disney E.P.C.O.T.

Leonardo da Vinci - The Ideal City

Elon Musk - The Boring Company

The Hyperloop

Integrating Nature into Urban Environments

Wildlife Corridors

Effects of Roads on Wildlife

Effects of Windows on Birds


Before starting watch these tutorial videos:

1. Using Ziggi to take a photo of your CITY PLAN - ROUGH DESIGN

2. Download CITY of TOMORROW TEMPLATE - it has the zones you need.

3. Launch SKETCHUP FREE online (you can do this from home, too)


4. Insert the image of your CITY PLAN - ROUGH DESIGN into SKETCHUP